1. Identify questions that can be answered through scientific investigations.

Ability to :

  • Refine and refocus broad/ill-defined questions
  • Identify and create testable questions
  • Identify underlying concepts related to testable questions

2. Design and conduct a scientific investigation.

Ability to:

  • Make systemic observations
  • Accurately measure
  • Identify variables
  • Control variables
  • Design investigations
  • Interpret data (See #5)
  • Generate explanations based on evidence (See #4)
  • Propose alternate explanations (See #6)
  • Critique explanations & procedures (See #6)

3. Use appropriate tools and techniques to gather, analyze, and interpret data.

Ability to:

  • Choose appropriate tools to answer a question or do an experiment
  • Use computers for collection, summary & display of evidence.

4. Develop descriptions, explanations, predictions and models using evidence.

Ability to:

  • Propose an explanation based on observations
  • Differentiate explanation from description (providing causes for effects and establishing relationships)

5. Think critically and logically to make the relationships between evidence and explanations.

Ability to:

  • Define appropriate data to use in explanation
  • Account for anomalous data
  • Review and summarize data from a simple experiment and form a logical conclusion about the cause-and-effect relationships in experiment
  • Begin to state some explanations in terms of the relationship between two or more variables.

6. Recognize and analyze alternative explanations and predictions.

Ability to:

  • Listen to and respect the explanations proposed by other students
  • Remain open to and acknowledge different ideas and explanations
  • Be able to accept skepticism of others
  • Consider alternate explanations

7. Communicate scientific procedures and explanations.

Ability to:

  • Communicate experimental methods
  • Describing observations
  • Summarizing results of others
  • Communicate explanations

8. Use mathematics in all aspect of scientific inquiry.

Ability to:

  • Gather, organize and present data
  • Use mathematics in structuring convincing explanations