1. Identify questions that can be answered through scientific investigations.
Ability to :
- Refine and refocus broad/ill-defined questions
- Identify and create testable questions
- Identify underlying concepts related to testable questions
2. Design and conduct a scientific investigation.
- Make systemic observations
- Accurately measure
- Identify variables
- Control variables
- Design investigations
- Interpret data (See #5)
- Generate explanations based on evidence (See #4)
- Propose alternate explanations (See #6)
- Critique explanations & procedures (See #6)
3. Use appropriate tools and techniques to gather, analyze, and interpret data.
- Choose appropriate tools to answer a question or do an experiment
- Use computers for collection, summary & display of evidence.
4. Develop descriptions, explanations, predictions and models using evidence.
- Propose an explanation based on observations
- Differentiate explanation from description (providing causes for effects and establishing relationships)
5. Think critically and logically to make the relationships between evidence and explanations.
- Define appropriate data to use in explanation
- Account for anomalous data
- Review and summarize data from a simple experiment and form a logical conclusion about the cause-and-effect relationships in experiment
- Begin to state some explanations in terms of the relationship between two or more variables.
6. Recognize and analyze alternative explanations and predictions.
- Listen to and respect the explanations proposed by other students
- Remain open to and acknowledge different ideas and explanations
- Be able to accept skepticism of others
- Consider alternate explanations
7. Communicate scientific procedures and explanations.
- Communicate experimental methods
- Describing observations
- Summarizing results of others
- Communicate explanations
8. Use mathematics in all aspect of scientific inquiry.
- Gather, organize and present data
- Use mathematics in structuring convincing explanations